A Letter to My Dad: Warrior-Scholar-Statesmen

I wrote this letter to my Dad while he was deployed abroad. It dealt with some ideas I’d been wrestling with for some time, namely on paths to public influence in the intellectual and political realms. He, and my mentor Dan Schnur, whom I sent a copy to also, both seemed to think this is a good and proper way forward; I therefore move forward on this path.


Hi Dad,

You know, mentors of mine have suggested to me that I consider getting into one of the trades- business, law, consulting, etc.- so that I can become as financially independent as possible, and so that I can learn and master the dealmaking, money-managing, and negotiation skills necessary for successful political life. It’s not a bad set of ideas, and I’m not closed to the notion.

That said, the more I study great heroes of mine, the more I realize that this is not necessarily the only path to influence, and though it may perhaps be the easiest path to influence, it is certainly not the one I am most suited for. Four heroes of mine and two contacts of mine would seem to demonstrate this with their career paths they have followed.

Theodore Roosevelt was many things- a scholar, a soldier, a public servant in government, a politician, an adventurer. He was never a businessman, a lawyer, or a consultant.

Winston Churchill was many things- a journalist, a soldier, a public servant in government, a politician. He was never a businessman, a lawyer, or a consultant.

Henry Kissinger was many things- a scholar, a political advisor involved in Republican politics, a soldier, a public servant in government. He was never a businessman, lawyer, or consultant (until after his peak of influence.)

Daniel Patrick Moynihan was many things- a scholar, a sailor, a political advisor involved in Democratic politics, a public servant in government, a politician. He was never a businessman, lawyer, or consultant.

Moving forward to today, two contacts of mine- my boss Joel Kotkin, and my contact Robert D. Kaplan, are similarly situated (though without the political involvement.)

Joel Kotkin is many things- a scholar, a journalist, a political advisor and policy consultant who advises city governments and centrist politicians.

Robert D. Kaplan is many things- a scholar, a journalist, a political advisor and policy consultant who advises the defense and foreign policy communities.

All this being said, some things are clear to me:

First, that you can attain high positions in government, either political or departmental, without being a businessman, lawyer, or consultant, and while being nothing but a writer and a politician (though it helps to be a military officer.)

Second, that Kissinger and Moynihan were scholars of another era, and that scholars of this era- such as Kaplan and Kotkin- can be highly original and influential without necessarily being PhD’s or attending graduate school.

Third, that it is at least somewhat possible to make enough money to be financially independent as a writer, a journalist, and a scholar, and there is nothing in that field barring me from political involvement or government service such as Roosevelt and Churchill, Kissinger and Moynihan, or Kotkin and Kaplan have done.

So, I think I know how I can move forward, given that I love writing, scholarship, and journalism, and political involvement, and that I aspire to government service of some sort and am in the process of entering military service.

First, I must graduate…

Second, I must emulate the careers of Joel Kotkin and Robert D. Kaplan to some degree- continue my opinion journalism work and establish myself as a public writer, continue my scholarly work and establish myself as a public thinker, perhaps by writing a book, and continue my political involvement, hopefully by assisting and eventually advising political figures and even government figures. There are several avenues for this; I could enter into a PhD program, I could work at a think-tank, magazine, newspaper, or other entity, I could work for some politician. These spots are rarer in California than in DC, but I’m sure I can find something. There is also always the prospect that I can become a Park Ranger or Forest Ranger.

Third, I must continue my involvement with public life so far as is possible. That involves continuing my transition into the National Guard, continuing my activism in the California Republican Party (and deepening it, once I graduate and find my new home) and perhaps serving in government as an aide or running for local or state office.

Fourth, I must maintain relationships with people who can help me do all of these things, and build relationships with people who can help me do more of these things.

Fifth, I must figure out what, precisely, I am going to specialize my journalism and scholarship in. This could range anywhere from American political philosophy to American history, though I will certainly cast a broad net of interests even as I specialize in one in particular. I’m considering writing a project on the political, geopolitical, and developmental economic history of California; writing on that could help me specialize in California history, politics, and policy in the present day, and make me an expert in something others do not have expertise in. Then, I still would likely continue writing on broader American and even world history; but a well-done project on California geopolitics in an American and international geopolitical context could rocket me further into the ranks of known writers and thinkers. 

Sixth, I must maintain my character, purpose, personality, and life balance throughout all this, since the combination of journalism, scholarship, political advisory, political involvement, government service, and military service I seek to live will certainly be draining even if it is fulfilling. Political life, in particular, has the potential to sap my character, and I therefore must cultivate it that it may weather all political storms. Aside from moral and religious cultivation, this must involve life balance, to include adventure, family and friend life, community involvement such as Scouting and church, recreational study, and other “hobbies” and avocations. Perhaps it is time I got back into ecology, botany, and poetry.

Just as Roosevelt and Churchill were warrior-scholar-statesmen, so I can be. I am already on that path; I need only continue it.

Thanks for always advising me and caring for me, and see you when you get back from Kuwait and I get back from California!



My Life Balance Sheet, For Those Interested

Last month it occurred to me that I might be a bit more organized in my life if I wrote down everything I’m committed to doing and had it in front of me for frequent reference. The realization that this would be useful came while I was speaking with a mentor of mine, the historian of the moderate Republicans Geoffrey Kabaservice. He asked me if I could name five fun things I’d done over the summer, and I couldn’t name any; and I realized that I should probably explicitly make time for non-professional things in my busy schedule, something that would be made easier by knowing what, exactly, my priorities were. A later conversation with another mentor and former boss, Adam Garfinkle (Editor of The American Interest) on the subject of life balance through handiwork and craftwork alongside mind-work reiterated the point.

Below, in no particular order, are the various activities and commitments occupying my time as of my 23rd birthday, September 10th 2016. It’s more a projected list of how I intend to spend my time than an accurate list of what I’ve done with my time, if that says anything about my priorities and aspirations. Some might note that this is a neurotic exercise something like Ben Franklin’s ‘Art of Virtue’ plan described beautifully in the Autobiography; it very much is.


Luke Phillips Life Balance 2016-2017


Classes at USC

-Writing 340






Job Hunt

-Breakthrough Generation Application

-2018 Campaigns and Politicos Networking

-Nixon Library Job application


Personal Political Study and Writing

-News Cycle

-Reading Books on politics, economics, history, philosophy, culture, etc.

-Reading Articles on the same

-Preparing to Write Books and Essays preparation

-Blog writing


Publications to Contribute To Monthly or Bimonthly (projected)


-Glimpse From the Globe

-The American Interest /perhaps National Affairs and The American Conservative


-Republic 3.0, Washington Monthly


-AHA Society Blog


Professional Research and Writing

-Nixon Library Projects

-Joel Kotkin/Center for Opportunity Urbanism Projects

-John Hay Initiative Projects


Political Involvement

-Neighborhood Legislature Campaign Work

-CAGOP and LAGOP events


National Guard


-Special Forces Tryouts Preparation…


Catholic Faith

-Church every week

-Read Catholic and Christian thinkers, the Bible



Socializing and Conversation

-Coffee with people

-Maintain letters with some pen pals


Conservation/Trail Work

-Pacific Crest Trail Crew



-Domestic Travel

-Local Travel







-Therapy and Meds

A Reflection on Race, National Identity, Old Glory, and the GOP

My fellow Republicans-
I’m increasingly thinking that the biggest question for the GOP and right-leaning people in general to address, after November 9, 2016, and especially after the inauguration of President Hillary Clinton, is the racial-identity/national identity question.
Yes, we need to figure out a lot of stuff about economic policy/social policy/foreign policy/constitutional law, too, and all of that is going to be a lot harder given that after the Clinton sweep we’ll have maybe a couple dozen states to experiment with our ideas in, and a bare majority in the House. But the answers to economic and social and foreign policy seem to generally already have been answered- either in the past, by Presidents Eisenhower and Nixon (and we could really use some young scholars who are working on reinterpreting those guys’ works from the expansion of the New Deal to the reinvention of welfare to the Grand Design in strength-and-restraint-based foreign policy, and updating them for present circumstances in 2016;) or in the present, by forward-thinking intellectuals in the GOP like David Brooks and David Frum.
There really is no precedent or past model for answering the race identity/national identity question, though, unless you take the short-lived “100% Americanism” rhetoric of Theodore Roosevelt (which had no concomitant policy program) or the experience of racial integration in the military (which has always been a smaller pot with very different values from the nation as a whole, and hence racial integration was much easier there.) The later New Deal Democrats and even the Rockefeller Republicans did good work with the Civil Rights Movement, but that primarily accomplished advances in legal protections- the national identity question and other cultural concerns were immediately conquered by the multiculturalists starting in the late 60s.
The problem with the “colorblindness” approach is basically the fact that race is real- with biological and anthropological precedents and, more importantly, social constructions that result in sociological and economic and cultural, and thus political, implications. For too long elite Republicans have just swept those implications under the rug and said “I’m not racist personally so racial issues aren’t real.” That was me for a while, actually (only in the last couple of years of studying American history in greater detail and living in urban Los Angeles have I shed those scales from my eyes.) Moreover, a big enough segment of the Republican Party is actively racist that the left- very correctly- can make the argument that all colorblind Republicans do is ignore and enable the racists in their own party.
So we have a GOP that, nationally, cedes all legitimacy on the race question to the cultural Left, which for the most part has ignored the concomitant national identity question and exploited an ideologized version of identity politics for political gain and smug cultural self-satisfiedness. Identity politics is natural to the human condition, even human nature, but the grossly-distorted and racially-based neo-determinism practiced by the cultural Left and institutionalized by race-based affirmative action, the five-races system of ethnic classification, politically-driven “ethnic studies” departments in academia, etc., sets up artificial divisions and impedes large-scale reconciliation and racial-cultural-ethnic fusion (which results in bastard mixed-race brats who question those divisions, like me. That was a joke.)
That’s a fine equation for a racially-balkanized electorate, such as the one we have. And where you have racially-balkanized electorates, there will always be the specter of racial violence looming overhead, whether by underprivileged against privileged or privileged against underprivileged, and usually both. There are already enough natural racial and ethnic divisions that need to be dealt with; enflaming them artificially doesn’t help anybody and certainly doesn’t help society at large. The right, by ignoring it, worsens the problem; the left, by stressing division and retribution over anything like reconciliation, does the same.
So how do we move forward, after Trump’s version of white identity politics is delegitimated in his crushing defeat?
There are a few thinkers working on a “one-nation conservatism” based on a pro-working class, pan-ethnic conservatism designed to serve both inner cities and low-scale suburbs, where poorer working people regardless of race tend to live. (Such would also include action on racially sensitive topics like police reform and immigration issues.) I’m thinking Ross Douthat, Reihan Salam, David Brooks, and to some extent the apostate Democrats Michael Lind and Joel Kotkin. I hope they succeed, and I hope I can be in on that conversation and the conversations on one-nation conservatism’s implementation.
Short of that, I think reopening the question of national identity, explicitly in the context of racial divisions and with an eye towards racial reconciliation, is in order; and it is something that only formerly colorblind establishment Republicans seem to have the capacity to do. Rick Perry and Marco Rubio, despite their idiocy in other areas, have made steps in this direction, and Northeastern Republicans like Ayotte and Collins and Kirk and Portman and Baker could stand to win a lot on that front.
But you can’t have a productive conversation on moving forward with national identity, without accepting and defending the notion that American national identity 1) exists, 2) is good enough that it is worthy of defense rather than shame, and 3) is a potential healing factor in racial divisions, if we can agree upon a broad enough yet deep enough definition that can include all our diverse citizens within a meaningful national story everyone has a stake in. And 4) that it is a potentially divisive factor in race relations, if it is defined so narrowly- by its proponents or its opponents- as to exclude large masses of the population.
This is why I make a point of defending the flag and other symbols of American national identity so fiercely (and flag-burner defenders, I’ll have a response to your arguments eventually.) Some things are sacred not because there’s any legal or formal binding on them, but because they reveal higher truths and paths towards redemption that, used properly, can have benign social and political effects. That’s why Old Glory’s important- not because it’s something we shouldn’t touch just because we shouldn’t touch it, but because of the principles and heritage it represents, and the possibilities it portends for the future- “a more perfect Union,” as was once put. As my own Boy Scout training taught me, “ours was a great country in the past and is a great country now. You are here to make the future greater.”
I’m as concerned as anyone is, and probably more concerned than a lot of people are, that there are fundamental inequalities and injustices latent in our political practice that discriminate against some, exclude others, privilege certain groups, and dispossess the rest- because aside from the large-scale human costs of these inequities, there may someday even be geopolitical consequences for inaction in the form of national division leading to political paralysis, large-scale violence, defection, civil war even. Any good patriot, then, would support reform not only for humane reasons, but for reasons of national survival. I think solutions, sometimes radical solutions, are necessary for attaining that reform. But we must not forget the end to which we should direct those reform efforts- a more just and more perfect Union, a more harmonious and united nation, a more equitable and nobler society.
My fellow Republicans, we can’t get anywhere near that dream if we continue on the current path in race relations- we need better ideas and better plans, and as long as we don’t conjure up a plot to build a more inclusive vision of national identity, we’ll deserve the returns we’ll get.
So let’s get thinking and doing, and build a better future. We can’t leave the race question to the left. We have to admit some uncomfortable truths and live up to their consequences if we’re going to find real solutions.
If we don’t, our solutions to other problems in foreign policy, social policy, and economic policy will be for naught, because they won’t serve a united nation.

“Luke, Do You Want to Be President?”

In which I ignore what little prudence I have, and set out to piss people off


To a Mentor-

I wrote up this little reflection on my ambitions, initially for my blog and Facebook, but am now unsure whether or not I’ll share it publicly. I think I have important things for people in here to hear, but it would be uppity and arrogant rather than sage and wise for 22-year old me to counsel my friends to be Noble Romans of Old.

Who knows, by the time you read this I might have jumped the shark and shared it and started taking flak already. But I just figured, since you’re my primary political mentor, that I should send you my thoughts on the subject of what I want to do with my life and how that relates to my personal development.

So I keep getting the “Luke do you want to be President” kind of questions over and over again and I keep giving my same standard self-deprecating canned response: “God save the country if that ever happens.” Sometimes I tell people my true ambitions and say “no but I want to be the Alexander Hamilton to someone’s George Washington.” Sometimes I go a bit deeper and say “I want to be the kind of person about whom people ask ‘is he going to run for President?'”

But I’ve been reflecting on it deeper and deeper, and realized something that’s been driving me for a while. And I would not trust people who were not driven by the same force, with the reins of public life (hence my antipathy to Trump and Clinton, as well as Gary Johnson.)

Since FDR, arguably since Lincoln, and probably since the days of George Washington himself, we’ve inhabited a Presidency-heavy constitutional system- in the White House has been vested the symbolic sanctity of the Union and Republic, of our Liberty itself. It’s always been a lot more than a mere administrative or policy-advocacy office. It’s been a Cincinnatian, perhaps at times a Catonian or Ciceronian office of republican splendor. The President, for better or for worse, has been the face of the nation.

In the last century it has increasingly become an Imperial Presidency, overstepping the old constitutional boundaries that once precluded aspiring Lincolns and TRs from doing great things. That’s probably been for the best- with the sheer complexity of modern industrial society, it’s unclear how else we could have organized things. But that power must be exercised responsibly, with both history and posterity in mind.

And as the power and glory of the Presidency has increased, both in political fact and in the public imagination, so has increased the necessity of true greatness in the souls of those inhabiting the Oval Office. Greatness of the sort with which Cincinnatus, Cato, Cicero, and all those other dead white males would have been intimately familiar.

But partly because of the deconstructionist monstrosity of the fruits of the raging 60s, partly because of the emphasis of ideological principle over networked character that has characterized the parties since Goldwater and McGovern, and partly because of the increasing democratization and reformation of politics since Watergate, it’s been harder for men and women of the character of George Washington or Abraham Lincoln to ascend or even aspire to high office in our Republic. They’re there, but they tend to stick to unelected positions in the Military-Industrial Complex and the Commanding Heights of the economy. When they DO seek public office- and I would say the last two great examples were Daniel Patrick Moynihan and the John McCain of 2000- they’re either largely impotent (Moynihan) or they resort to selling their souls, principles, and character in fraught quests for power (hence McCain’s Palin desperation.)

America since midcentury has been fraught by various social conditions and political reforms that make the crucial mix of Thumos, Arete, and Pietas absolutely impossible in modern statesmen and stateswomen in power. Thus the decline of our politicians from Truman, Johnson, and Nixon (all jerks, but all exceptionally skilled and nonideological politicos) to Clinton, Bush, Obama, and Clinton again (all nice guys/gals, but not particularly competent politicos and certainly not great leaders.) Straight Talk Express McCain 2000 was the closest we got to greatness. It’s a tragedy he chose to change.

I’m not bemoaning the fall of the Republic- it isn’t forthcoming, even in the terror of the present crisis and the coming ones- but its health and glory are not served by the caliber of Presidents we have as options nowadays. And I think there’s a direct correlation between the increasingly ideologized, increasingly democratized politics of the early 21st Century, and the declining character and talent of our leaders.

So what’s the answer?

Quite simple really. We need old-fashioned republican statesmen and stateswomen updated for the 21st Century, “men/women with empires in their purpose and new eras in their brains/branching toward the skyey future, rooted in the fertile past,” who pay more than lip service to the great heroes of Americana- who pay tribute to them in their lives, choices, actions, and characters. Perhaps we need to make systemic reforms that encourage and incentivize such Roman Souls to enter the hubbub of democratic politics in an institutional Republic with the spirit of a Democracy; but ultimately their entry into the political process is their choice, not the result of machinations by people who want them in.

We need less people who want to be President of the United States, and more people who are worthy of being President of the United States.

So what’s my real ambition? What’s my real goal in public life? (Aside from “turn America into a great space-faring Republic, an Empire of the Stars?”)

To be worthy in my soul of assuming the office of President of the United States. Not to actually assume it- to desire assuming that office, particularly nowadays and at my age, is far more vainglorious than noble.

But to so cultivate my character, tend to my intellect, and master the craftsmanship of politics that, should my country ever call, I would be standing by, ready to act, a soul worthy of the stewardship of the Republic. That by no means means I want to be President- and I think our best public servants don’t- but it does mean that in whatever capacity I were serving the public, be it in our national economic apparatus, amid the defense and intelligence community, in the Cabinet or Congress or some statehouse- I would be a leader worthy of heeding my country’s call should it ever come.

In my view there are a few character traits and habits of mind that disqualify anyone from being such a worthy statesman or stateswoman, and I’m not sure that I don’t show them right now-

1-Basing your love of country off of a vision of a golden future or a return to a golden past, and lacking the moral nuance to accept the evil in your country’s heritage- and future- alongside the good. That is to say, being a conservative first and an American second, or a global citizen first and an American second. Conservatives, you need to accept Franklin Roosevelt as an American; Global Citizens, you need to accept Andrew Jackson.

2- Having “becoming President” or something as your primary goal, consciously or subconsciously, and “serving your country” as a second and related goal. No Man or Woman is born to rule. Trump, Hillary.

3- Not easily answering “yes” to “would you die for your country, your countrymen, and your flag?” That, and you need to mean it, and there are few things that suggest you mean it more than actually putting yourself on the line or preparing to put yourself on the line in some form of military service. Not to romanticize military life of course (DuffelBlog exists for a reason) but I continue to hold that it means a lot.

But let’s be real- “be worthy” (and I mean a very different word from “qualified”) is just as great a mountain to climb as “become President of the United States.” The qualities of character and soul requisite of worthiness are a lifetime’s work of action and a lifetime’s thought and reflection, not habits practicable after a week’s cultivation.

Perhaps I’m embarking on a quixotic quest seeking to be worthy. But I’d rather cultivate my soul and serve my country, and fail, than drain my soul and serve myself, and succeed.

I was Wrong About Trump…


Hello all newcomers to my blog. Some of you may have seen one of my older pieces from back in the Spring arguing that Donald Trump might just be toying with us, and is actually his pre-2015 self beneath all that bouffant hair.

Well, I hereby rescind all those thoughts and condemn myself for ever having published them. They were nothing more than glorified wishful thinking, the worst instance of lipstick-on-a-pig I’ve ever succumbed to.

I still think a “softer, gentler Trumpism-” a liberal American nationalism- would be a helpful corrective to the globalism of the present American political elite. I’m still working on how to move towards that.

But true liberal nationalism should never ride the blood wave of racist populism. True liberal nationalists in the tradition of Burke, Hamilton, Disraeli, Lincoln, Teddy Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Churchill, and Nixon should never succumb to the ugliest impulses of human nature in the pursuit of their higher principles.

But then, Trump doesn’t even have those higher principles. He’s a bundle of vulgar instincts temperamentally unfit to lead public opinion in our Republic. He’s not what Andrew Sullivan called an “extinction-level event,”  he’s worse- the American Berlusconi, a clown in loose-fitting statesman’s garb whose only legacy will be the degradation of the office of the American Imperial Presidency yet further beneath what Clinton, Bush, and Obama have done to it.

I’ll be holding my nose and voting for Hillary. I’ll be hoping that Sasse, Huntsman, Greitens, Baker, or Faulconer can reform the GOP and assume the reins of the Imperial Presidency in 2020 or 2024, in the interests of restoring the Republic and liberating America from the Globalist Masters and the Populist Barbarians. I’ll be working at my task of burying Fusionist Conservatism in due season, and clambering my way into “the room where it happens.”

I’d just like to forget that I ever had faith in Donald Trump, Destroyer of Worlds. I won’t forget it.

The Political Principles of Alexander Hamilton


Note: The first chapter of Clinton Rossiter’s book “Alexander Hamilton and the Constitution” (from which this piece is excerpted) is very much worth reading, as it contains an extended analysis and survey of the various aspects of Alexander Hamilton’s intellectual and professional personality. Rossiter covers:

Hamilton the public financier 

Hamilton the public administrator 

Hamilton the realist diplomat

Hamilton the industrialist

Hamilton the military organizer and soldier

 Hamilton the orator and lawyer

 Hamilton the constitutionalist

 Hamilton the political scientist

 Hamilton the American

In essence, Alexander Hamilton mastered all the arts of modern government, and built institutions and traditions of American governance that have stood the test of time. After Weehawken, never again has a single man so brilliantly mastered so many fields and put this mastery to the service of his country, and at so crucial a moment in history; never again, perhaps, will another.  

The following is an excerpt from the concluding chapter of “Alexander Hamilton and the Constitution.” 

…Engaged as we seem to be in an effort to save our dominant liberal tradition from the defects of its own virtues, and also to extend its range to new social and economic problems, we are rummaging in the past for political thinkers who can help us perform this critical task…

[Hamilton’s] political principles were not as “correct” for the United States, in his time or in ours, as were those of Jefferson and Madison. No one who has studied and cherished the American political tradition would identify Hamilton as its First Source, and thus look to him for expression of the basic ideals of American democracy. He was too skeptical a judge of men and too harsh a censor of democracy ever to be allowed to stand alone as our teacher. Yet he did speak brilliantly to a number of questions that most of his contemporaries preferred to ignore, and his answers have never seemed more relevant than at this very moment. They are relevant not only because they teach us to deal more imaginatively with the hard problems of a high civilization, but because they are as fully convertible to the uses of committed democrats of the twentieth century as are the principles of his constitutional law. The lessons we learn from Hamilton the political thinker will reinforce and energize the liberal tradition, not sap or corrupt it. And the best of those lessons would seem to be:

Men are driven to strive and achieve by their “passions,” of which the most politically significant are the desire for esteem, the anticipation of gain, and the love of power.

Men also wish to preserve and advance their “interests,” which are the physical and psychological fruits, real or merely hoped for, of their strivings.

It is next to useless to preach to men about their duty as citizens to control their passions and rise above their interests.

There is, however, a variety of political techniques through which passions can be steered into channels of healthy creativity and interests can be secured against the assaults of fear and envy.

The test of a sound and viable government is its ability to use old techniques and invent new ones that can harness the passions of men and enlist their interests in the service of the common ends of society.

Encompassing the mass of private interests, yet rising above them to live a life of its own, is the interest of all men in the pursuit of these ends- the general welfare, the common felicity, the public good.

No society can survive and prosper unless its citizens understand the commands of the public good and can generally, whether lured by carrots or threatened by sticks, be made to obey them.

No society can survive and prosper unless it has ways to nurture “choice spirits,” men of uncommon virtue and talent, and to place them in positions of responsible authority.

As the opinions of the people are the decisive force n the political process, so the confidence of the people is the principal support of government.

Confidence is inspired chiefly by an honorable, dignified, efficient administration of public affairs.

It is also inspired, up to a point, by the sounds and appearances of such an administration.

The worst of social ills are disorder, violence, instability, and unpredictability- in a phrase, “the hydra Anarchy.”

The worst of political ills is a weak government unable to cope with the convulsions of anarchy, because the next step beyond anarchy is not chaos but despotism.

The most likely candidates for the role of despots are demagogues.

In a disordered world, there is more to be feared from a dearth of political power than from an overdose of it.

The cutting edge of power is energy- the use of power imaginatively and forcefully in the public interest- which is the indispensable quality of good government.

The executive is the chief source of political energy.

An energetic government is as necessary to the success of democratic government as it is to any other kind.

The happiness of men in a civilized society depends to a critical extent upon the capacity of government, not merely to keep order and protect them in the enjoyment of their rights and property, but actively to promote social, economic, and cultural growth.

Banks, factories, and armies are as important for the freedom and progress of civilized men as schools and churches. The authors of constitutions for those who aspire to be such men will make room in their planning for these instruments of society.

This is not, be it remembered, the whole of Hamilton’s political thought, for he had many other things to say on many other subjects. Nor is the whole of his thought, I repeat, a political philosophy for American democracy. But this is a catalogue of opinions and judgments of which he was the first and most explicit exponent among the Founding Fathers- in several instances the only exponent- and Americans may go to it confidently for instruction in the problems and possibilities of twentieth-century statecraft. Hamilton the political scientist, like Hamilton the constitutionalist, is both the teacher and the property of the whole nation. He speaks to the Right but also to the Left, and speaks perhaps most intelligently to those who mill about in the middle and seek for ways to save both America and American democracy. He is a useful man to know because he tells us harsh truths that we are not told by Jefferson, useful because democracy needs skeptics as well as enthusiasts to acclaim. Hamilton the political thinker was a skeptic who was honest, acute, and specific about his doubts and fears, and such a thinker as he has a message of unique perception for this generation of Americans. As Eliphalet Nott warned in 1804, if this government of ours, the “illustrious fabric” on which Hamilton’s “genius” was “impressed” should ever fall, “his prophetic declarations will be found inscribed on its ruins.”

In conclusion, let us look again at the whole Hamilton, whose relevance for our times goes well beyond his teachings as constitutional lawyer and political scientist. It is not alone our indulgent Constitution and energetic government that should remind us daily that he lived and achieved and prophesied, nor even our mixed, balanced, productive, regulated, and occasionally guided economy. It is, rather, the very existence of America as a nation that spreads its sway over most of a continent and its influence over much of the world. We have achieved the power and glory he foretold in his most hopeful hours because we have become a far more perfect Union than all his enemies and even most of his friends wanted us to be…

… Accustomed as we now must become to thinking in terms of a progressive industrial society served by an energetic national government under the liberating Constitution of a sovereign Union, we are bound to pay homage to the man who first set this image before the American people.

-Clinton Rossiter, “Alexander Hamilton and the Constitution”

A Progressive Republican’s Case for Donald Trump?


I’m confused. Politically confused.

I issued my kinda-sorta endorsement of Hillary Clinton a few weeks ago, but as I’ve watched Donald Trump more and more in the ensuing weeks, a question has gripped me.

Is he becoming moderate? 

Is he becoming electable? 

Is he becoming… Presidential?

Most people’s answers would be no, no, and hell no.

And yet…

He hasn’t shown up on the news much in recent weeks. You know why? He hasn’t said anything stupid or politically incorrect recently. More and more people tell me they think he’s looking more and more like a President and proposing more and more reasonable policy solutions. Is he doing this consciously? Is this indicative of what is to come? The “proto-fascist,” a dignified statesman?

The fallback that David Brooks, Bruce Bartlett, and myself have retreated to goes something like this: “Well, yes he’s radical populist right, but AT LEAST he’s destroyed the GOP Establishment and will open up room for a new, moderate ideology and a new, diverse coalition better suited for governing to form!” Indeed, I still think this officially. But… What if something crazy happens, and Trump does change his tone and substance?

More compelling, I think, is Conrad Black’s note that Trump must run to the center and start looking presidential if- when- he gets the Republican nomination and goes up against Hillary Clinton. And truth be told, that would make sense- it would look like just about every other successful Republican’s presidential strategy in the last fifty years, since the conservative movement started taking over the party. Win over the right-wing populist base first to get the nomination, then fight over the moderates with the Democrat. In today’s world, when the neoliberal plutocrats in the GOP Establishment have been especially silent to working-class concerns, it’s been easier for someone like Trump to build a coalition of the working class, so long as he said what they wanted to hear (perhaps without necessarily believing it.)

Here’s Black’s full quote

“If Donald is cheated of the nomination, the Republicans will lose badly in November. If he makes no gestures of civility and does nothing to refine his message to the strata of the electorate who like a little more nuance and syntactical orthodoxy than Archie Bunker provides, it will be an unnecessarily disturbing election. If he follows the advice of his wife, Karl Rove, and many others (including this columnist), and banishes the contention that he is a crude and nasty know-nothing, he will win. The country wants to turn the page on the Bushes and the Clintons, but the voters have to have a believable and reasonably attractive sequel. It isn’t Sanders or Cruz, but it still could be Trump.” 

For whatever reason, it seems to me that “banishing that contention” that he is a right-wing political troglodyte won’t be too hard for Mr. Trump.


Because he was moderate for most of his career before 2015. He supported the Clintons, he opposed the neoliberal tax plan of 1986, he’s constantly criticized conservative Republican decisions up to and including the war in Iraq, has praised Planned Parenthood, and has generally committed a million other acts that conservatives and indeed GOP Establishmentarians would view as heresies. He’s been no loyal Democrat either, supporting any number of pro-business and nationalist initiatives over the course of his career.

Even nowadays, after months and months of right-wing populist pandering, he still manages to hit the political center in text analyses and other studies. Granted, that’s more due to extreme right-wing views on immigration and extreme left-wing views on trade balancing each other out, but it still testifies to the fact that he is not bound by the ideological shackles tethering, say, Ted Cruz or Bernie Sanders.

In fact, Trump’s general policy platform- working-class populism in trade, infrastructure, immigration, entitlements and social services, and other economic areas- makes up a reasonably centrist-populist platform. Michael Lind, great bard and dutiful custodian of the old “one-nation conservative” tradition in the United States, has suggested that a centrist Republican Party might jettison neoliberal supply-side economics in favor of “a kinder and gentler Trumpism.” Who’s to say that Trump himself will not be the one to provide such a platform? Especially given that he’s a New Yorker, with all the cosmopolitan capitalist instincts of any New Yorker?

It seems that Donald Trump is running a brilliant campaign strategy- to win over the disenfranchised white working class with economic populism and all the social ugliness that entails, snatch up the presidential nomination from the cold, dead hands of the GOP Establishment, and position himself as a moderate in the general election, a moderate statesman who has a record of truly being concerned about the working class (as opposed to the faux care for the working class of Hillary Clinton.) There is no other way to win a presidential election as a Republican, and indeed, the history of the United States since the fall of the Southern slave lords and the rise of Lincoln has proved that the party that wins over Jacksonian Americans into a coalition with some of the commanding heights of the economy is the party that will dominate politics moving forward. Jacksonian America has since the 1990s been alienated from the Republican Party, and Trump aims to bring them back- much to the agonizing despair of the bipartisan Establishment.

But I will make a more radical contention- Donald Trump is not only very likely serious about becoming the next President of the United States, and knowledgeable about how to get there. Donald Trump is also quite possibly the next legendary President, quite far from David Brooks’s contention that he’ll be “the worst president in American history,” going down “in devastating defeat.”

Two legendary Presidents- Abraham Lincoln, and Franklin Roosevelt- were relative outsiders who dramatically shook up the orthodoxies of their times. Lots of people thought Lincoln would destroy the Republic, and just as many people thought Roosevelt would preside over a tyrannical increase in federal power. (As the slave lords and the industrialists found out, in some ways they did.) They both came from outside the political establishment and were actively hostile to the old establishments. Their unorthodox- but surprisingly moderate- views would thenceforth define the political debates over the next several decades. See any parallels?

But it goes deeper than that. I’m working on a long essay with the working title of “The Lawgivers: Cycles of Development in the History of the Republic.” The basic thesis of Lawgivers, which has been heavily influenced by Michael Lind’s “Three Republics” idea, boils down to three stages. First, after a great “revolution” and re-forging of the Republic’s institutions, developmentalist and populist leaders squabble over the legacy of the Revolution and propose alternate policy solutions. Second, great statesmen during those reformations fuse the developmentalist and populist policy philosophies into a new platform. And third, after the institutions of the Republic further decay, a new statesman, heavily influenced by the “fusionist” statesmen of the previous generation, rises and puts in place a new set of institutions based on the fusionists’ blueprint, becoming a “lawgiver.”

Under this thesis, Henry Clay adopted the nation-building and democratic expansionism of Whiggery and Jacksonianism, and was the primary inspiration for Abraham Lincoln’s policies. Woodrow Wilson mixed the Populists’ demand for pro-worker/pro-farmer policies and the Progressives’ imperative for industrial regulation and collaboration, and provided the blueprint for Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal. And Richard Nixon synthesized Liberalism’s federal activism with Conservatism’s penchant for decentralization, providing what is in my opinion an excellent blueprint for the next great re-forging of our Republic’s institutional structure.

So Nixonian policy as the inspiration for what Lind calls the “Fourth Republic” waiting in the wings, just around the corner. Who better exemplifies, in the present day, Nixon’s defense and expansion of entitlements, his willingness to use federal activism, his working-class populism, and his general nationalism, than Donald Trump? Indeed, Trump has been compared to Nixon more than once, in various ways.

Moreover, Conrad Black- again, Trump’s biggest intellectual backer- wrote what is sometimes regarded as the best biography of Richard Nixon yet written. (He also wrote a biography of Franklin Roosevelt, the most recent lawgiver.) Black knows the Nixon legacy well- could he see the consummation of it in a Trump Presidency?

I don’t know the answer to that. And I don’t mean to endorse Donald Trump, nor do I seek to excuse his truly despicable comments about Muslims, women, Mexicans, and so many other groups. I don’t particularly like Trump voters, and the prospect of Trump as he has presented himself as President does indeed terrify me.

But IF he moderates his rhetoric and IF he adopts a more respectful tone and IF he runs to the political center and IF he brings back the old Donald Trump from before June 2015….

Why, if all that happens, I might have to rescind my endorsement of Hillary Clinton, vote for Trump, campaign for him, even write in favor of him. I might even decide to apply to work in the Trump White House (it’s not like that’ll be a very in-demand position early on.)

Yes, I am a Progressive Republican, and Trump is certainly not, and Trump’s supporters certainly are not.

But that doesn’t mean there isn’t a Progressive Republican hiding in there somewhere, deep beneath Donald’s bouffant hair, ready to govern in the great tradition of Lincoln and Roosevelt with the blueprint of Nixon, prepared to guide America through the present crisis and any on the near horizon… Will Donald Trump win the Presidency? Will Donald Trump reform our institutions and clear out the rot? Will Donald Trump steer our country through its darkest crisis in decades? Will Donald Trump go down as a legendary President? Will Donald Trump make America great again?

To be perfectly honest- with the qualifications I mentioned above- I hope so.